How to create a capsule wardrobe – The ultimate guide

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February 15, 2024
Hangers in a capsule wardrobe

Creating a capsule wardrobe can feel overwhelming and daunting, especially if your current morning routine is to stare blankly inside a wardrobe brimming with clothes that you just can’t seem to put into outfits that you like wearing.

If you wish you had a collection of clothes that you feel excited about, that is easy to use and  fun to wear, but you don’t know where to start, or what you need to do to pull together the right capsule wardrobe for you, I have the answers!

Over the past 17 years I’ve sourced custom capsule wardrobes for thousands of women like you, that fit and suit them, and create a whole host of fail-safe outfits so they don't have to think about what to wear!  And this post shares all my tried and true tips and advice.

what is a capsule wardrobe?

A capsule wardrobe is a hard working collection of clothes consisting of staple pieces (preferably timeless) that fit you well, align with your lifestyle, and that can be mixed and matched (with very little thought) to create a whole host of outfits for all the occasions you need. 

The concept of creating a capsule wardrobe is nothing new.  You can trace its origins back to the  1970's, when Susie Faux (the founder of Wardrobe) came up with the concept of a capsule wardrobe.  This was then championed by Donna Karan in the eighties, when she launched her 7 Easy Pieces collection that consisted of 7 staple pieces that could be layered over black body suits and opaque tights to create outfits for a variety of occasions.  The emphasis was on a chic, pared back collection of clothes that mixed and matched effortlessly. 

The capsule wardrobe has continued to be around over the last 40 years, albeit in the background, but over the past few years there's been a real resurgence in the desire to create a capsule wardrobe.  I think in part due to the fact that there is more choice and variety than ever, and prices are reducing - we're overwhelmed by choice, and buying more than we need because it’s it’s low risk.  As a result our closets are full of clothes that we don't really like that much, that we don't wear often and so we're craving a fresh start and an easy to use wardrobe that’s fun to use!

why is it a good idea to create a capsule wardrobe?

If you want an easy to use, fun to wear collection of clothes, that saves you money and time, then creating a capsule wardrobe is a great idea!

  • You’ll feel less stressed because you’ll know what to wear for each occasion…which means no more turning down invites because you don't know what to wear!
  • You’ll save money and become more financially intelligent because you’ll shop with more focus, purpose and clarity.  Ultimately you'll buy less and stop wasting money on clothes you don’t wear
  • You’ll save time so you can do more of the things you like doing
  • You'll have one less thing to worry about
  • You’ll have less decision fatigue - you’ll just know what to take out of your wardrobe
  • And you’ll start to find that  getting dressed can be easy and stress free.  It might even become something you enjoy

And all of these benefits matter, because each one of them will have a positive knock on effect to other aspects of your life. I've had clients tell me that sorting out their closet gave them the confidence and motivation they needed, to  improve other areas of their life that they'd been neglecting.

how long does it take to build a capsule wardrobe?

I’m not going to lie, a capsule wardrobe takes time to create.  Especially if you are starting from scratch. But that’s a good thing.  You shouldn’t rush the process, because if you do you’ll end up back at square one - with a disjointed collection that doesn’t look right on you, and is difficult to use.

Take your time to understand what you need in your capsule wardrobe, and when you think you’ve got a handle on that, take even more time carefully selecting items that fit you well and that compliment each other.  

Take it step by step.  Move at a pace that is right for you. And keep tabs of where you're at, and what you need to do next.  

Putting in some organized, focused, effort into creating your capsule wardrobe will pay dividends in the months to come when you open up your closet and feel excited about deciding what to wear.

If you want a detailed step-by-step guide to starting a capsule wardrobe, you can find one here

is there anything i shouldn't do when creating a capsule wardrobe?

Yes!  There are 7 important things you should avoid doing when you start creating your capsule wardrobe:


Avoid following pre-made templates, verbatim

There is no one size fits all capsule wardrobe because what you need in your collection will depend on YOU.  So use with caution, the ‘must have items for your capsule wardrobe’ type posts, use the information as a guide and mold it to suit you.


avoid including high-trend items

The key to a hard working capsule wardrobe is that it stands the test of time.  You want your capsule to form the foundation of your wardrobe, on which you can build and develop your style as and when you want to.  So avoid including high-trend items, especially fleeting trends.  Granted, some trends move into classic’s territory (wide leg pants/jeans are one such trend), so use your instincts and only include clothes you know you will still want to wear in a couple of years.


try to avoid cheap or fast fashion

Invest in the best quality that your budget will allow, rather than wasting it on lots of cheaper, poorer quality items that won't last and will need to be replaced often.


do not rush

Try to get out of the habit of buying clothes in a rush, on the way to the checkout at Target. Take your time to make more considered purchases - try the item on before you buy it, check the fit properly, ask yourself if the item can be worn with at least 3 items you already own.  If you hear that voice in your head telling you “it’s not quite right, but it doesn’t matter because it’s cheap!” leave it!


don't create a capsule wardrobe for the life you wish you had

Be realistic and create a capsule wardrobe for the life you do have.   There's no point in having a wardrobe full of clothes waiting for an event that may never happen.  Take the time to consider what you need your outfits for, then proportion your collection accordingly. Otherwise you will struggle to create outfits for the life you actually lead...and so continues the frustrating cycle of buying clothes, but having nothing to wear.


only include the items that fit you and work for you

If an item doesn’t fit quite right, or doesn’t look right on you. Don't include it.  Even if you love it, or love the idea of it.  It will only end up hanging unworn in your wardrobe.

If you don't know which clothes fit you and work best for you, this guide will help.


Don't include lots of different colors

In my experience, it is much simpler to base a capsule wardrobe around a limited color palette.  If you try to introduce lots of different colors you may find it difficult to know what to put with what and will end up only wearing a small percentage of your collection.  If you want some ideas to base your collection around, I've created 8 different palettes for you here.


don't include footwear and accessories

I know this contradicts the advice you typically read, but in my opinion, footwear and accessories are a separate collection.  

My reasoning behind this is that your shoes and accessories are what will enable you to be creative with your capsule collection and to effortlessly take an outfit from day to night. If you try to squeeze these into your capsule wardrobe you won't have enough variety.  Footwear and accessories are the one area where I do not think less is  more.

important things to do before you start creating a capsule wardrobe?

There are a few important steps to take before you even start working on your capsule collection:


get to grips with what works for your shape

It’s a fact that some clothing styles will fit you better than others, but until you understand which clothes these are, and why they work so well for you, you will continue to purchase clothes that disappoint you.

If you're not sure what your body-shape is, you can take my body-shape analysis


clear some space in your closet

Remove the clothes you don’t like, that are tired or damaged beyond repair, and that don’t fit.

This will make some space for the new, ‘right’ pieces to be added, but more importantly than that, it will help you to rediscover what you have in your wardrobe, will spur you on to make further improvements, and will ultimately make the process of creating a capsule wardrobe easier.

If you need some guidance on how to do this, I've created a simple online tutorial that will walk you through my tried and true process.

hangers in a capsule wardrobe

create a color palette to build your capsule wardrobe around

It is completely up to you what color palette you decide to build your collection around, but what ever you go for, it is a good idea to plan it out before you start so you can keep it the back of your mind while you're sourcing your capsule wardrobe.

If you want to go one step further - create a little color palette board like this one below, and have it nearby when you're working on your collection. If you want some ideas for a color palette and how many colors to have in your collection, head over here

winter, cool, minimal colour palette for a capsule wardrobe

free up some time

It takes time and effort to create a capsule wardrobe that works so it’s not something you want to start if you’re about to move house, or start a new job, or have a new baby to look after.

Wait until you have the time to commit to it.  And if you don’t want to wait, hire a professional to do it for you.

how many clothes should be in a capsule wardrobe?

I create 2 different sizes of capsule collections for my clients:

One is a mini collection which consists of around 10 -12 essential items that mix and match to create more than 20 different outfits.  

The second is a standard collection, which consists of those 10-12 essential items PLUS 10 other items that all mix and match to create over 80 outfits.

My suggestion would be to go for somewhere in the middle and opt for around 15 items to begin with - this will give you enough pieces to include all the essentials you need, as well as some extra, more fun (but still super versatile) items.

Here are some important points to consider when you're deciding how many clothes you should have in your collection:

  • What budget do you have for this?  If you’re on a tight budget, aim for a small collection.  You can build on this as your budget allows, but 10 items will give you a great number to work with initially.
  • How much space do you have? What size is your wardrobe? If you have the space (and the budget) for a 20 piece collection, go for it.
  • What’s your lifestyle? If you have multiple facets to your life, each needing a different personality or look then you will probably want a larger collection as this will be able to provide you with maximum versatility. If not, a 10 -15 piece collection may be enough.
  • And how confident do you feel about building a capsule collection?  If this is all very new to you (and if you’re here, reading this post, I imagine it is), then I recommend sticking to a 10-15 piece collection to start with.  Then, as your confidence grows, you can add to and develop your collection.

how many colors should be in a capsule wardrobe?

If you’re someone who struggles to put outfits together, or you’re not confident wearing or mixing colors, then I recommend limiting your color palette to around 5 colors that work together, in a variety of different shades (by 'shades' I mean a lighter and darker shade of each of the 5 colors).  It's a simple way to give you 15 colors to play with!

I've created some example color palettes, in a variety of tones, to give you some ideas:

is it possible to create a capsule wardrobe on a budget?

Yes!  You absolutely can. The whole concept of a capsule wardrobe is that:

  • it contains only what you need
  • each item is right for you (so will be worn)
  • each piece in the collection is versatile so can be worn in multiple ways
  • and the items in the collection are of the best quality your budget will allow, which means they last longer = value for money.

Creating a capsule wardrobe is quite literally an exercise in spending your money wisely!

is a capsule wardrobe going to limit me?

Let me ask you this: 

  • How many different outfits are you putting together with your current collection? 6?  Maybe 8?
  •  What percentage of the clothes in your wardrobe are you actually wearing? 20% - 30%
  • And how long does it take you to put an outfit together?  I'm guessing it's...too. damn. long.

You see, it’s not the size of the collection, or the amount of clothes that you have in the wardrobe that dictates how fun or easy it is to use - you already have a closet bulging with clothes but you're wearing the same few outfits.  It’s the actual items themselves that determine how limiting a collection is.

A capsule collection is the opposite to your current collection - it’s small, easy to use, fun to wear and can be developed effortlessly each season, as and when you want.

is a capsule wardrobe boring?

I can forgive you for worrying about this, given that the majority of the capsule wardrobe templates floating around Pinterest consist of plain, neutral, bland clothes that don't really excite.

The truth is that your collection can be whatever you want it to be, in any color and any style you like…the only proviso is that each piece in your collection works for you, and compliments the other items in the collection.

this is how you make a capsule wardrobe work for you

your capsule wardrobe should with your lifestyle

The clothes you have in your capsule wardrobe must work for your lifestyle. There’s no point in having a large proportion of your closet devoted to dressy occasions if you rarely get dressed up. Think about what you do day to day, and proportion your closet accordingly.

your capsule wardrobe must work for your body shape

The clothes in your capsule collection need to fit you really well, and they should make the best of your shape. If they don’t, you’ll end up questioning why you struggle to put outfits together from your capsule collection that look as good on you as they do in your head.

Keep your shape in mind when you're shopping for your pieces, and only let into your collection, the ones that look good on you and make you feel good.

Not sure which clothes work best for you?

My simple guide will show you exactly what the most and least flattering clothes are for your shape, so you can start creating outfits that look good on you ?

your capsule wardrobe should reflect your personal style

Many of the capsule wardrobe examples you’ll see are quite neutral or minimal, this is because it’s easier for others to copy (and it’s trending) - but if that’s not your style, don't replicate it.  

Make your capsule collection a reflection of you, so you feel good wearing it and enjoy putting your outfits together.   If you need help uncovering your personal style, this post might help

your capsule wardrobe should align with your likes and dislikes

OK, this might seem like an obvious, but with social media, and retailer newsletters ramming the current popular styles down our throat every. single. day. you can be forgiven for succumbing and purchasing something you might not usually buy.

Put the latest trends (and your Instagram feed) to one side and remind yourself which shapes, styles, colors and prints you really like, and then add more of this good stuff to your collection.

what should a capsule wardrobe include?

clothes in a capsule wardrobe

There's no universally right or wrong item for your capsule wardrobe - as long as the items you choose are right for you and compliment each other. However, I know that’s not a super helpful answer so, to help you, I’ve listed the 12-15 pieces I typically build my clients capsule collections around.  But, PLEASE NOTE - this is designed to be used as a guide, so don’t copy and paste it to your wardrobe.   

You will also want to make sure that your collection includes all the essentials you need.  If you need help identifying which essentials items to include in your wardrobe, this post will help.

I've also created a free workbook for you to download to help you identify what your capsule collection should include ?


1-2 pairs of jeans

Choose 2 different styles, and choose styles that work for you.  They can be anything from a skinny jean to a straight leg.  And you don't have to go for the classic blue denim, they can be any color you like.

Here are some of my favorite jeans for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


1-2 pairs of pants or trousers

They should fit you fantastically, they should suit your shape, and ideally they should look good with both heels and sneakers for maximum versatility.

Choose a fabric that works for your lifestyle and go for a color that you like, that you feel is versatile.  A navy, black or cream is typically the easiest color to pair with others, but you don't need to limit yourself to those hues, and the pants don’t have to be plain either.

If you don’t like pants, add a second pair of jeans in a different style, or swap it out for a skirt.

Here are some of my favorite pants and trousers for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


a skirt

Again, choose a shape that compliments you, in a color that suits your style preferences.

It can be plain or print.  Maxi, midi or mini - whatever you like, but make sure it’s a shape and length that you are comfortable wearing in multiple ways on to a variety of events because it needs to be versatile.  

If you don’t like wearing skirts, add a second pair of pants in a different style.

Here are some of my favorite skirts for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


a dress

Choose a dress that can be easily dressed up and down. Make sure it fits you well and works for your shape.  It also wants to align with your lifestyle.   As with the skirt, go for plain or print, midi, maxi, or mini.  Just make sure it’s versatile.  

If dresses aren’t your thing, consider matching separates (these are a capsule wardrobe hero!), a jumpsuit, or pants suit.

Here are some of my favorite versatile dresses for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


a short sleeve T-shirt

Now, you don’t have to go for the classic plain white tee here, it can be striped, plain, graphic or a band tee.  But make sure you choose a neckline and length that works for your shape, and a color that takes your fancy, but make sure the color you choose compliments ALL the bottoms in your collection.  This is key to a successful capsule collection.

Here are some of my favorite tees for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


a long sleeve T-shirt

Again, you don’t have to go for the classic plain white tee here.   Just make sure the  neckline and length works for your shape, and the color compliments you and ALL the bottoms in your collection.  

Here are some of my favorite tees for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


2x blouse, top or button up

whichever you prefer.  I find that a blouse is more versatile but choose what works for you. Whatever you choose make sure it will layer under jackets and knitwear to give you maximum versatility, and opt for a neckline that works for your shape.  Oh, and it MUST compliment the bottoms in your collection.

Here are some of my favorite blouses and button ups for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


sweater or a sweatshirt

A few things to keep in mind with a sweater are the thickness of the fabric, the neckline, and the length. You want whichever style you go for to layer easily over tops and under jackets as this will be the most versatile.  Choose a neckline and length that works for you and a color that goes with everything else in the collection.

Here are some of my favorite sweaters for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


a cardigan

A cardigan is a super useful item to have in your collection.  Choose one in a length and neckline that works for you, and make sure you can layer it over all the tops in your collection.

Here are some of my favorite sweaters for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


a casual jacket

Pick any style -  a denim, moto or utility jacket are the classic options but don’t restrict yourself to those if they’re not your bag.  Whatever you choose it must compliment the other items in the collection, and it should suit you and your lifestyle.

Here are some of my favorite jackets for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


a tailored jacket

Any style or length you like…if it works for you. Choose one that looks as good with jeans as it does with pants.  And make sure to pick a color that works with everything else in the collection.  Tailored jackets come in a wide range of fabrics, so choose one that works best or your lifestyle.  It could be a comfortable jersey blazer, or a more tailored style.

Here are some of my favorite blazers for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:


a coat

This must work with the rest of the collection so choose a color that compliments the other items. Choose a shape that suits your shape, and a fabric that works for your lifestyle. It can be any length you like, and any style, it just needs to work with the collection and you.

Here are some of my favorite coats for a capsule wardrobe in 2023:

extras - footwear

Footwear is extremely important, but choose that once you’ve compiled your capsule collection.  At a minimum I recommend:

  • 1x pair of sneakers
  • 1x pair of flats
  • 1x pair of heels
  • 1x pair of ankle boots
  • 1x pair of calf/knee high boots

Don't forget to download my free workbook to help you start building your capsule wardrobe?

how to start work on a capsule wardrobe

Creating a capsule wardrobe can feel overwhelming at first, so I recommend breaking the process down into bite sized pieces, it feels much more achievable that way, and it gives you the opportunity to dip in and out of the project as you need or want to.

To help you, I've split the process up into 4 easy to achieve steps:

the 4 easy steps to creating a capsule wardrobe



Most people just dive right in and start shopping for their collection.  But I know from experience that that will only end in disappointment.

Before you even start to think about which clothes to include in your capsule collection, I recommend you spend a little time figuring out what you need your capsule wardrobe to do for you, and why.

Try to get an understanding of how you feel about yourself, your body and your current wardrobe; and pinpoint what you need your capsule collection to do for you, and what you're looking for.

Putting in this time and effort upfront will not only help you to narrow down what you're looking for, it will also enure that the capsule collection you develop, works and is right for you.

Spend some time thinking about things like:

  • What do you do day-to-day (work, hobbies,kids, etc...) what sort of clothes work well for that, and how you could proportion your collection to align with this?
  • Your style preferences - what do you like and dislike (colors, prints, shapes etc...) and why?  Head to your closet and try to identify what is is you like (or dislike) about some of the clothes hanging in there.
  • What do you want to look like?  What do you want to communicate with your outfits? What's important to you?

I’ve created an in-depth online questionnaire over here, that asks you a whole heap of questions to help you with this step.  

a questionnaire for starting a capsule wardrobe


Once you've got a clarity on what your capsule wardrobe needs to do for you, you can start to think about what it might look like.  The easiest way to do this (and the way I do this) is to use Pinterest:

  • Set up a board on Pinterest called 'Capsule Wardrobe' and start pinning any clothes you like, that align with your answers from the questionnaire
  • Don't just re-pin images within Pinterest; head to retailer websites and pin from there, too.
  • Be methodical in your pinning - pin items in a range of categories covering tops, knitwear, jeans, pants, skirts, dresses, jackets, blazers and coats.  If you want a more thorough breakdown of which items should be included in a capsule wardrobe, there's one here.
  • And stick to a fairly limited color palette for now - it's the best way to ensure that the items in your collection go together, and make complete outfits.  If you need some inspiration for your color palette, head here


Edit your rough draft

When you’ve finished pinning to your draft collection, go through and edit it until you have a collection of pieces that is cohesive and reflects you and your requirements.  The best way to do this is to create a new section within your board, and move the best picks into that.


See what you already have, and shop for the rest

You'll already have some of the clothes for your capsule wardrobe so take your Pinterest board over to your wardrobe and see what you can find.  It might help to remove and hang the pieces you find so you can start to see your collection take shape.   All items on your board that you don't have can then be added to a shopping list.

Then all you have to do is hunt down those missing items.  If you've done as I suggested and have created a Pinterest board, it should be as simple as shopping your board!

shopping for a capsule wardrobe

these are the best stores to head to when you're creating a capsule wardrobe

These are some of the stores I regularly use when I'm sourcing a capsule wardrobe for my clients. Their clothing is good quality, their pieces are typically very versatile, and the brands compliment each other which makes it easier to mix and match from them.

  • EVERLANE - This is one of my favorite retailers for denim.  They are one of the best places to shop for jeans if you have an hourglass shape or a pear body shape - their 'curvy fit' denim is designed specifically for women who have a defined waist and curvy hips and butt. 
  • MADEWELL - This is another fantastic retailer for denim.  But watch their sizing, it can come up quite generous so I typically recommend clients size down.  They also have a fantastic range of curvy fit jeans and pants, and have petite, standard, tall and plus size collections.
  • ME + EM - Head here for fantastic quality, modern shapes and timeless style. Many of their pants and trousers have the ability to be tightened at the back to ensure a good fit and avoid waist gap
  • ABLE - This is a great place to source staple items like denim jackets, bags and tee's
  • MODERN CITIZEN - they create modern classics that look contemporary yet stand the test of time.  Perfect for a capsule collection
  • BODEN - This is quintessentially   British; with bold prints and quirky, feminine cuts.  The tops and dresses are great for pears and columns, and the pants and jeans typically fit apples and columns best.  They are another retailer that offer petite, standard and tall collections
  • SEZANE - Chic french retailer Sezane is my favorite place to source pretty, sexy tops, blouses and dresses.
  • SAINT + SOFIA - Another great retailer for modern classics.  The emphasis is on comfort with a rock and roll edge, at a great price point.
  • JENNI KAYNE - the best place to source gorgeous knits in versatile shades. Not cheap, but worth the investment for a capsule wardrobe
  • AND OTHER STORIES - A great place to source tops, blouses, knitwear and dresses.  Their stock has a habit of selling out quickly, so if you see something you like, don't hang about!
  • REFORMATION - this is one of my go-to places for skirts and dresses.  They have petite, standard and plus size collections, and they offer styles that work for all shapes.
  • MINT VELVET - This is a great place for classic pieces with a little rock and roll edge.
  • ALL SAINTS - If you want to add a leather jacket to your capsule wardrobe, get it from All Saints.  Their leather is beautiful, and the jackets come in a range of styles from full-on moto to polished and refined.
  • THE FOLD LONDON - This brand sells beautiful clothes for work that aren't stuffy or corporate. It's one of my favorite places to source work-wear.

Can I get a pre-made capsule wardrobe?

If you can’t face building a capsule wardrobe on your own, or don't have the time, there are some retailers and companies who can do it for you:

  • UNIVERSAL STANDARD - They offer a range of capsule collections  in different sizes that make a good foundation for your capsule.  They are one of the most size inclusive brands around with sizing ranging from 00-40 and in both  petite and standard.
  • MM LA FLEUR - They team up with bloggers and influencers to create capsule collections for you
  • THIS IS ADAY - This company creates simple capsule collections to suit a range of lifestyles, from  stretch to carry-on capsule, there's plenty of choice.
  • BRASS CLOTHING - this is a great one for work-wear.
  •  ENCIRCLED - Their collections are called 'Kit's'.  they focus on relaxed outfits for everyday.
  • ONE QUINCE - they pull their pieces into edits for you that make a great foundation for a capsule wardrobe.
  • NIKI WHITTLE - (Me!) If you still can't face choosing your own capsule collection, hire me to source you a collection of clothes you can't wait to wear.


Ultimately - if you want to open your closet each morning, feeling excited about deciding what to wear, and to spend only a few minutes putting together an outfit that looks good on you, then a capsule wardrobe is for you!

Yes, it takes time to create, but the effort you put into creating your wardrobe will yield HUGE benefits in the months to come.

In the words of one of my clients, after I sourced her a standard capsule collection:

"I really love my closet now, it's a joy again because I now know my style and feel confident in how to put things together that I like. I always find something I love to wear, and I have way more confidence to add to it. I know the combos that work well and feel good on my body. I also have way less decision fatigue. I just know what to take out - simple!"


If you have any questions about pulling together your capsule wardrobe, get in touch - I'm here to help!

Disclosure: this post contains affiliate links, which means that if you purchase a product via these links I will earn a small commission. I NEVER link to products that I wouldn’t recommend to my clients, or purchase myself, in fact I own many of the styles linked here so can vouch for them! To find out more CLICK HERE

Hi, I'm Niki

author and personal stylist

Over the past 18 years I’ve freed thousands of women from the frustration of disappointing outfits, by showing them how to dress to make the most of their shape, and helping them build a closet that's easy to use and fun to wear.  My blog shares the tried and true tips and knowledge I've developed, to help you stop wasting money on disappointing clothes, and build a closet you enjoy wearing.

You can find out more about Niki here

And you can get in touch with Niki here